Asset Purchase Agreement document

What to Include in an Asset Purchase Agreement

Law Offices of Gretchen Cowen, APC Dec. 22, 2023

An asset purchase agreement, also known as an asset sale agreement or APA, is a written legal document that formalizes the purchase of a business or significant business assets. This document plays a pivotal role in business transactions, providing a legal framework for the purchase and sale of assets. 

Assets can range from tangible items such as equipment, machinery, and properties, to intangible assets like licenses and intellectual property.  

On completion of an asset purchase, ownership is transferred from the old entity to the new one. As you can imagine, there are protocols and formalities that surround asset purchases. And that's where we come in to help you. 

At the Law Offices of Gretchen Cowen, APC, we understand the importance of creating a comprehensive and legally sound asset purchase agreement. That's why we're here to guide you through the process, ensuring that you have all the necessary elements included in your agreement. 

The Role of Letters of Intent

Before diving into the asset purchase agreement, it's important to understand the role of a letter of intent. When a business wishes to purchase assets from another, it sends a notification known as a letter of intent. This document signifies the starting point of the transaction during negotiation. Both parties agree on a price, terms, deal structure, and other details of the transaction. 

Some key considerations to include in a Letter of Intent are identification of the buyer, and seller, description of the assets to be purchased, purchase price, and payment terms, contingencies, and conditions, confidentiality, and exclusivity, timeline for due diligence, and closing, and termination rights. 

While the length of your letter of intent can vary depending on your specific needs, we always recommend seeking advice from a lawyer with experience in this area. Our team can help you draft this document and work out the details of your asset purchase agreement when the transaction moves forward. 

Key Components of an Asset Purchase Agreement

Whether you're buying or selling an existing business or its assets, it's crucial to govern the transaction with an asset purchase agreement. This document can vary in length depending on the details of the transaction, but the basic structure is usually similar. 

The following covers are some essential parts of an asset purchase agreement: 

  1. Recitals: This section includes the buyer and seller’s name and address, as well as the date of signing. It also includes an acknowledgment of the agreement on behalf of both parties. 

  1. Definitions: Identify keywords that your document will use several times and define them. Having clear definitions of specific words helps avoid confusion in the future. 

  1. Purchase Price and Allocation: This provision describes what the seller is selling to the buyer, any exclusions that apply, the structure of the deal, including price, payment terms, and any liabilities the buyer assumes. 

  1. Closing Terms: This defines what is required to complete the purchase or sale of the business or business asset, including any terms and contingencies. 

  1. Warranties: These are promises that both parties make to each other. Warranties are the representations associated with the purchase. If the seller makes unfounded guarantees, this section is critical. An experienced business law attorney will help you understand the risks and benefits of including certain warranties in your agreement. 

  1. Covenants: These are promises that each party makes to the other after closing the deal. This section includes non-compete, non-solicitation, or confidentiality agreements, among others. 

  1. Indemnification: This section outlines who is responsible for any damages, losses, or liabilities that may occur after the transaction is complete. 

  1. Dispute Resolution: This specifies how disagreements between the parties will be resolved if they arise in the future. 

  1. Governing Law and Jurisdiction: This provision identifies the state or country laws that will govern the agreement and where any legal disputes will be resolved. 

  1. Severability: This clause states that if any part of the agreement is found to be unenforceable, it will not invalidate the entire agreement. 

  1. Amendments and Modifications: This section outlines how the parties can make changes or modifications to the agreement in the future. 

  1. Dated Signatures: The document must be signed and dated by both parties to make it legally binding. 

Remember, drafting an asset purchase agreement involves legal and financial implications. That's why it's crucial to have corporate lawyers like us to help you draft this critical document or negotiate your deal. Our goal is to ensure that your agreement is fair and enforceable under the law. We're here to guide you through every step of the process, ensuring a smooth and successful transaction. 

Thorough Legal Guidance Is Key

An asset purchase agreement is a crucial document in any business transaction. It's our mission at the Law Offices of Gretchen Cowen, APC to ensure your agreement is comprehensive, legally sound, and protects your interests. We're here to guide you every step of the way, aiming to help you secure a smooth and successful transaction. 

Our California firm is well-equipped and eager to provide guidance, no matter where your business is located. Whether it's drafting an asset purchase agreement or offering advice on business transactions, we're here to provide our support and experience. We're committed to helping your business succeed, no matter where you are. Reach out to us today for support.